Triage is normally the first stage the patient passes through, and consists of a brief assessment, including a set of vital signs, and the assignment of a “chief complaint” (e. g. chest pain, abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, etc. ). Most emergency departments have a dedicated area for this process to take place, and may have staff dedicated to performing nothing but a triage role. In most departments, this role is fulfilled by a triage nurse, although dependent on training levels in the country and area, other health care professionals may perform the triage sorting, including paramedics and physicians. Triage is typically conducted face-to-face when the patient presents, or a form of triage may be conducted via radio with an ambulance crew; in this method, the paramedics will call the hospital’s triage center with a short update about an incoming patient, who will then be triaged to the appropriate level of care.